vegetable


vegetable
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
Any plant
Nouns
1. vegetable kingdom, vegetation, vegetable life; plants, flora, verdure; growth, biome; weed.
2. vegetable, fungus, legume, fruit, nut, seed (see food).
3. tree; acacia, alder, almond, apple, apricot, arborvitae, arbutus, ash, aspen, avocado, balsa, banana, banyan, baobab, basswood, bay[berry], beech, betel palm, birch, blackthorn, boxwood, Brazil nut, breadfruit, buckeye, buckthorn, butternut, cacao, candleberry, carnauba, carob, cashew, bassia, catalpa, cedar, cherimoya, cherry, chestnut, chinaberry, chinquapin, cinnamon, citron, citrus, clove, coconut, coffee tree, cornel, cottonwood, cypress, dogwood, dungon, ebony, elder, elm, encina, eucalyptus, fig, fir, frankincense, gardenia, ginkgo, grapefruit, guava, hum, hackberry, hawthorn, hazel, hemlock, henna, hickory, holly, hornbeam, horse chestnut, ironwood, jacaranda, juniper, kauri, kumquat, laburnum, lancewood, larch, laurel, lehua, lemon, lime, linden, litchi, locust, magnolia, mahogany, manchineel, mango, mangrove, maple, mastic, medlar, mesquite, mimosa, monkeypod, mulberry, nutmeg, nux vomica, oak, olive, orange, palm, palmetto, papaw, papaya, pawpaw, peach, pear, pecan, persimmon, pine, pistachio, plane, plum, pomegranate, pomelo, poplar, quince, rambutan, redwood, rosewood, rubber, sandalwood, sandarac, sapodilla, sappanwood, sassafras, satinwood, senna, sequoia, serviceberry, snowbell, soapberry, sorb, soursop, speedwell, spruce, sumac, sweetsop, sycamore, tacamahac, tamarack, tamarind, tangerine, teak, torreya, tupelo, upas, walnut, wattle, willow, witch hazel, yew.
4. shrub, bush, hedge; alder, allspice, aloe, arbutus, azalea, babasco, barberry, bayberry, bilberry, blackberry, blackthorn, blueberry, box, bramble, broom, buddleia, buttonbush, caper, cascarilla, cassia, cayenne, choke-berry, cinchona, clematis, cleome, coca, coffeeberry, cranberry, cubeb, currant, daphne, divi-divi, elderberry, erica, euonymus, farkleberry, firethorn, forsythia, frangipani, fuchsia, furze, genista, germander, gooseberry, gorse, grape, greasewood, greenbrier, guava, haw, heath, heather, hemlock, hibiscus, holly, honeysuckle, huckleberry, hydrangea, indigo, jojoba, jute, kalmia, kat, kumquat, laurel, lavender, lespedeza, lilac, ling, magnolia, manzanita, milkwort, mistletoe, myrtle, nandina, ninebark, oleander, pepper, philodendron, photinia, poison oak, poison sumac, prickly ash, privet, quassia, raspberry, rhododendron, rose, sage[brush], service-berry, sisal, sloe, smilax, spirea, strawberry, syringa, tamarisk, titi, toyon, veronica, viburnum, whin, winterberry, wisteria, yaupon, zenobia.
5. vine, creeper; actinidia, bean, bittersweet, bougainvillea, boxthorn, bramble, bryony, cantaloupe, casaba, chayote, slematic, cucumber, dewberry, dichondria, fleevine, gloryvine, gourd, grape, honeysuckle, hop, horsebrier, ipomoea, ivy, jasmine, kudzu, liana, loofah, melon, milkweed, moonseed, muscat, pea, peppervine, poison ivy, pokeweed, pumpkin, silvervine, similax, squash, stephanotis, string bean, vanilla, vetch, wandering Jew, watermelon, wintercreeper, wisteria, woodbine, yam.
6. herb[age]; ajuga, amaranth, angelica, anise, balm, basil, belladonna, bellwort, bergamot, betony, birthword, bitterroot, bladderwort, boneset, borage, bugle[weed], butterwort, calamint, calendula, caraway, cardamom, carrot, catmint, catnip, cauliflower, celery, chamomile, charlock, chervil, chicory, cilantro, clover, coleus, coriander, corydalis, cowbane, crowfoot, cumin, datura, dill, dittany, dropwort, eryngo, fennel, fenugreek, feverroot, figwort, finochio, fraxinella, germander, ginger, heliotrope, hemlock, hemp, henbane, henbit, honeywort, horehound, horsemint, hyssop, leadwort, lespedeza, licorice, lovage, lupine, mandrake, marijuana, marjoram, mint, monarda, monkshood, mullein, mustard, nutmeg, oregano, parsley, parsnip, patchouli, pennyroyal, peppermint, perilla, philodendron, rosemary, rudbeckia, rue, safflower, sage, salvia, samphire, sanicle, savory, sesame, sorrel, spearmint, spiderwort, tansy, tarragon, teasel, thyme, tobacco, trefoil, turmeric, wintergreen, woodruff, wormwood, wort, yarrow.
7. grass, furze, gorse, sod, turf; pasture, pasturage; [rush] sedge; alfalfa, bamboo, barley, bluegrass, bluejoint, bromegrass, broomcorn, buckwheat, bulrush, cane, chufa, corn, darnel, durra, durum wheat, eelgrass, fescue, foxtail, grama, hassock, hay, horsetail, khuskhus, lovegrass, maize, mesquite, millet, oat, paddy, papyrus, quitch, redtop, rice, rush, rye, sorghum, squitch, sugarcane, timothy, tule, vetiver, wheat, windlestraw, zoysia.
8. flower, flowering plant; annual, perennial, biennial, triennial; agave, ageratum, ailanthus, amaranth, amaryllis, anemone, arbutus, arethusa, arnica, arrowhead, artichoke, asphodel, aspidistra, aster, azalea, baby's-breath, bachelor's-button, begonia, berseem, betony, bird-of-paradise, bitterroot, black-eyed Susan, blazing star, bleeding heart, bluebell, bluebonnet, bluet, boltonia, broccoli, broom, buttercup, cactus, calendula, calypso, camass, camellia, campanula, candytuft, carnation, catalpa, cattail, century plant, chamomile, chysanthemum, cineraria, clematis, clethra, cockscomb, columbine, cornel, cornflower, corydalis, cosmos, cowslip, crocus, cyclamen, daffodil, dahlia, daisy, dandelion, delphinium, dogwood, duckweed, edelweiss, eglantine, erigeron, figwort, fireweed, flax, fleur-de-lis, forget-me-not, forsythia, foxglove, foxtail, frangipani, fuchsia, gardenia, gentian, geranium, gladiolus, goldenrod, groundsel, harebell, hawthorn, heather, hepatica, hibiscus, hogweed, hollyhock, honeysuckle, hyacinth, hydrangea, impatiens, indigo, iris, jack-in-the-pulpit, japonica, jasmine, jonquil, knotweed, lady's-slipper, larkspur, lavender, lehua, lilac, lily [of the valley], lobelia, lotus, lupine, magnolia, mallow, marguerite, marigold, mayflower, maypop, mayweed, mignonette, mimosa, morning glory, motherwort, mullein, narcissus, nasturtium, oleander, orchid, oxalis, pansy, pasqueflower, passionflower, pennyroyal, peony, periwinkle, petunia, phlox, pilewort, pink, pinxter, poinsettia, poppy, portulaca, primrose, pyrethrum, Queen Anne's lace, rafflesia, ragwort, ranunculus, rose, ruderal, safflower, saffron, saguaro, santonica, smilax, snapdragon, snowball, snowberry, snowdrop, spirea, stock, strawflower, sunflower, sweet pea, tamarisk, teasel, thistle, tidytips, trefoil, trillium, tulip, umbrella plant, vanilla, Venus's flytrap, verbena, vetch, viburnum, viola, violet, wallflower, water lily, wisteria, wolfbane, yarrow, yucca, zinnia.
9. timber, timberland, forest; wood[lands]; park, chase, greenwood, brake, grove, copse, coppice, thicket, spinney.
10. brush, underbrush, brushwood; jungle, prairie; heather, heath; fern, bracken, weed; fungus, mushroom, toadstool, chanterelle, crumblecap, deathcap, earthstar, milkcap, mottlegill, oyster cap, puffball, rust, scale-cap; lichen, moss; growth. Slang, frog bread.
11. foliage, foliation, branch, bough, ramage, leaf; flower, bloom, blossom, bine; pulse, legume, bean, root, bulb.
12. botany, vegetable physiology, phytology; horticulture; agriculture, agronomy; silviculture; aquaculture (see water).
13. botanist, plant physiologist, horticulturist, etc.
14. botanical gardens, herbarium, arboretum.
Adjectives — vegetable, vegetal, vegetative, herbaceous, botanic; sylvan, arboreous, arborescent, dendritic, grassy, verdant, verdurous; floral; mossy; woody, lignous, ligneous, xyloid; deciduous; wooden; woodsy, leguminous; endogenous, exogenous.
Phrases — It is not enough for a gardener to love flowers — he must also hate weeds.
Quotations — What is a weed? A plant whose virtues have not been discovered (Emerson), All gardening is landscape-painting (Alexander Pope), He that plants trees loves others beside himself (Thomas Fuller), I like trees because they seem more resigned to the way they have to live than other things do (Willa Cather), I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree (Joyce Kilmer).
Antonyms, see animal, inorganic matter.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [Concerning flora]
Syn. plant, plantlike, herblike, floral, blooming, blossoming, growing, flourishing.
2. [Without spirit]
Syn. dull, monotonous, stupid, passive, unthinking, stagnant, inert, comatose, humble, stationary, inactive, mild, quiet, lowly.
n.
1. [A plant]
Syn. herbaceous plant, herb, green, legume, garden produce, edible root.
Common vegetables include: cabbage, potato, turnip, bean, carrot, pea, celery, lettuce, parsnip, spinach, squash, zucchini, tomato, pumpkin, asparagus, onion, corn, lentil, leek, garlic, radish, cucumber, artichoke, eggplant, beet, scallion, pepper, okra, kohlrabi, parsley, celtuce, chard, rhubarb, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, celeriac, endive, Chinese cabbage, bok choy, water cress, chicory, kale, rutabaga, mushroom.
2. [An inert person]
Syn. clod, bump on a log*, couch potato*.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
1. plant herb, root, produce, potato, tomato, carrot, cabbage, broccoli, turnip, lettuce, spinach, cucumber, onion, scallion, leek, beet, green bean, asparagus, artichoke, eggplant.
2. nonfunctioning human comatose patient, *brain-dead patient, imbecile, idiot, moron, blob.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Vegetable — Veg e*ta*ble, a. [F. v[ e]g[ e]table growing, capable of growing, formerly also, as a noun, a vegetable, from L. vegetabilis enlivening, from vegetare to enliven, invigorate, quicken, vegetus enlivened, vigorous, active, vegere to quicken, arouse …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • végétable — ⇒VÉGÉTABLE, adj. Rare, vieilli. [Corresp. à végéter A] Qui peut végéter. Cet arbre est sec, il n y a plus rien de végétable, ni dans le tronc, ni dans la racine (Ac. 1798 1878). Prononc. et Orth.:[ ]. Att. ds Ac. 1694 1878. Ac. 1694, 1718: vege …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vegetable — [vej′tə bəl, vej′ə təbəl] adj. [ME < ML vegetabilis, vegetative, capable of growth < LL, animating, enlivening < L vegetare: see VEGETATE] 1. of, or having the nature of, plants in general [the vegetable kingdom] 2. of, having the nature …   English World dictionary

  • vegetable — (del lat. «vegetabĭlis») adj. y n. m. Vegetal. * * * vegetable. (Del lat. vegetabĭlis). adj. p. us. vegetal. U. t. c. s. m …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • vegetable — Vegetable. adj. de t. g. Qui peut vegeter. Cet arbre est sec, il n y a plus rien de vegetable ny dans le tronc ny dans la racine …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Vegetable — Veg e*ta*ble, n. 1. (Biol.) A plant. See {Plant}. [1913 Webster] 2. A plant used or cultivated for food for man or domestic animals, as the cabbage, turnip, potato, bean, dandelion, etc.; also, the edible part of such a plant, as prepared for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vegetable — [n] edible part of plant edible, green, greens, herb, herbaceous plant, legume, produce, root, salad, truck, yellow; concept 431 …   New thesaurus

  • vegetable — (Del lat. vegetabĭlis). adj. p. us. vegetal. U. t. c. s. m.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • vegetable — ► NOUN 1) a plant or part of a plant used as food. 2) informal, derogatory a person who is incapable of normal mental or physical activity, especially through brain damage. ORIGIN originally in the sense «growing as a plant»: from Latin… …   English terms dictionary

  • Vegetable — For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). Farmers market showing vegetable …   Wikipedia

  • vegetable — /vej teuh beuhl, vej i teuh /, n. 1. any plant whose fruit, seeds, roots, tubers, bulbs, stems, leaves, or flower parts are used as food, as the tomato, bean, beet, potato, onion, asparagus, spinach, or cauliflower. 2. the edible part of such a… …   Universalium